Philip M. Raup; Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, . Gerschenkron (), a differential behaviour in terms of accumulation, () emphasis on the fact that countries which had a late start would follow a. Gerschenkron, Alexander, , Economic Backwardness in Historical. Perspective.***. Lecture Three: Other Industrialized Countries than Britain. I. U.S.

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Those who survived that complex relationship almost always emerged with deep affection and fond memories, even if the process was far from linear and continuous. This “Gerschenkron effect” was a significant finding that deflated the announced superior Soviet growth. The central notion is the positive role of relative economic backwardness in inducing systematic substitution for supposed prerequisites for industrial growth. Gerschenkron himself frequently knew little of the economic theory or statistical techniques proposed.

That challenge was overcome, months later when he easily gained admission. For those who went on in the field more seriously, the regular evening seminar became the focus.

It rejected the English Industrial Revolution as the normal gersvhenkron of industrial development and deprived the original accumulation of capital of its central force in determining subsequent expansion. This has not much altered the pattern of development.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective — Alexander Gerschenkron | Harvard University Press

Additionally, one can record that a goodly number of them have also attained presidency of the Economic History Association. What has given it greater recent notice has been its broad scale generalization to the experience of the many zlexander late-comers of the present Third World.

Gerschenkron kept his former political affiliations a secret after he was able to immigrate to the United States. Newsletters To join the newsletters or submit a posting go to click here. Should one attack the inequality of income and poverty by imposing greater burdens upon the domestic rich and foreign investors?


The countries of Asia have managed to regain their position of primacy in global growth rates. He researched at the University of California, Berkeley, for five years and then in he moved to Washington, D. Leading universities absorbed his students, who almost always have had productive subsequent careers.

Ultimately, as well, there are the many developmental failures — rather than only the successes — that now loom larger and attract attention. Connecting evolution in individual countries gerscheknron their degree of economic backwardness, he presents the industrialization of the continent as a “case of unity in diversity,” thus offering a cogent alternative, supported by case studies, to the traditional view of industrialization as monotonous repetition of the same process from country to country.

Important as the work was at the time, deflating vastly superior Soviet growth, it was not to be the basis of his subsequent fame.

References to this book Trust: But his performance at the gymnasium was not going well, gerscchenkron he encountered his future wife, Erica. A quick measure of his current influence is the almost Google references that turn up with the entry of his name. Agricultural and Applied Economics Association members Sign in via society site. First, in the s came the students who worked upon the Soviet Union. The collection of essays under review, which opens with the backwardness thesis and closes with appendices on industrial development in Italy and Bulgaria with reflections on Soviet literature along the way — has achieved a hallowed acceptance.

He worked for the firm for three year, but then decided to commit himself to politics, in particular the Social Democrats. That accounted for its earlier attention, where the conditional nature of its predictions contrasted strongly with its Marxist and Rostovian alternatives.

France, beginning later, would need greater intervention to compensate for its limitations. They eventually settled in ViennaAlexandeer. I summarize it here in four hypotheses:. Gerschenkron did not define economic backwardness but alluded to related factors: Academy of Political Science. He also learned many languages. Explaining and systematizing the elements of creative innovation in industrial history, Mr. Understanding Economic Backwardness His present reputation comes instead from his dedication to European economic history.


Failure of economic development to become a global process, as it appeared to do in the s, and for broad convergence in per capita income levels to occur, now constitutes a major intellectual and practical challenge.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

Four years later, he and his family would exit and join them, and hardly in easy circumstances. For others, his approach has often proved a useful starting point for the historical discussion of other parts of the world, such as Henry Rosovsky did with Japan, and others, elsewhere. This article is gerschnkron available for rental through DeepDyve. Later in life he would pick up languages with ease—Swedish one week, Bulgarian the next.

Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Archived from the original PDF on With AIDS spreading rapidly throughout Africa, with malaria and gerschenkrpn diseases recurring, with environmental degradation threatening, with a demographic transition that will begin to exert the pressure of an aging population, there is no lack of additional new problems that are pressing. The essay gave its name to his volume of essays published by Harvard University Press in Social Attitudes Entrepreneurship and Economic Devel.

Few who were recruited could desist, regardless of initial inclinations that were not directed to economic history. Backwardness can too easily become an alternative, technologically rooted explanation that distracts attention from the state and the politics surrounding it, rather than focusing upon its opportunities and constraints.

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