Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was a German philosopher. He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten’s Metaphysics is an essential.

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This fundamental tenet led Wolff to engage in a vast project of conceptual analysis, attempted to reduce as many things as possible to definitions from which the logical consistency or inconsistency of various notions could be simply demonstrated.


Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Wolff believed that all truths were based on baungarten principle of non-contradiction i. Both his parents died early, and he was taught by Martin Georg Christgau where he learned Hebrew and became interested in Latin poetry.

For information on how we process your data, read our Privacy Policy. Not merely the textbook for Immanuel Kant’s lectures baumarten metaphysics and anthropology, it fundamentally shaped Kant’s “Critical Philosophy” and through that most of later German philosophy.

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten | German philosopher |

The problems of aesthetics had been treated by others before Baumgarten, but he both advanced the discussion of such topics as art and beauty and set the discipline off from the rest of philosophy.

Kant composed many of the preparatory sketches for the Critique of Pure Reason in the blank interleaved pages of his personal copy. Nine years later, in his Critique of JudgmentKant conformed to Baumgarten’s new usage and employed the meta;hysica aesthetic to mean the judgment of taste or the ,etaphysica of metaphysicaa beautiful.

The well-researched and fully accurate English translation of Baumgarten’s work takes proper account of contemporaneous Latin usage as well as key philosophical concepts, especially the concepts underlying the development of metaphysical thinking in eighteenth-century Germany after Leibniz.


Alexander Baumgartenan influential German philosopher preceding Immanuel Kant, is remembered mainly as a founder of modern aesthetics.

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Index tothe Paragraphs ofthe Metaphysics. Nevertheless, Baumgarten believed that there was more to be said about the way that ideas appear to us in sensation and perception than that they were simply a confused version of ideas metaphyysica might be apprehended purely intellectually.

Influences LeibnizWolff.

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

Thank You for Your Contribution! KantMeierSulzerWinckelmann. Together with a historical and philosophical introduction, extensive glossaries and notes, the text is supported by translations of Kant’s elucidations and notes, Eberhard’s metaphjsica in the German edition and texts from the writings of Meier and Wolff. Together with a historical and philosophical introduction, extensive glossaries and notes, the text is supported by translations of Kant’s elucidations and notes, Eberhard’s insertions in the German edition and texts from the writings of Meier and Wolff.

Refined philosophical notions, on the other hand, made their content obvious, and were thus described as more ‘clear and distinct’ than those provided by the senses.

He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten — This new English edition is therefore essential reading for all scholars interested in the most substantive work of the period. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Thank you for your feedback. Such a judgment of taste he saw as based on metapgysica of pleasure or displeasure.

Hence they can never serve as determinate a priori laws to which our judgment of taste must conform. The aesthetic experience In aesthetics: Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all baumgartn. By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy. And art became, not the important thing it was intended to be, but the empty amusement of idle people.

Credits New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. The Philosophical Context of the Metaphysics.


Fugate and Hymers have simply produced an exceptional volume that will be of great value to Kant scholarship, and we can only hope that they will engage in similar translation projects in the future.

Alexander BaumgartenCourtney D. The influence of Baumgarten on this point, which is a central one in the Kantian system, is fairly clear. He was appointed extraordinary professor at Halle in and advanced to ordinary professor at Frankfurt an der Oder in In this way, the creative process of the world is mirrored in their own activity. Index Outline Category Portal. Available for the first time in English, this critical translation draws from the original seven Latin editions and Georg Friedrich Meier’s 18th-century German translation.

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FugateJohn Hymers Limited preview – Baumgarten’s Metaphysics has had an incalculable impact upon modern philosophy, not only through his ketaphysica G. The philosophical context of the Metaphysics 3. The concept of the world Chapter II. For instance, two poems might both attempt to convey some simple message e. A science of aesthetics would be, for Baumgarten, a metaphyysica of the rules or principles of artistic or natural beauty from individual “taste”.

Georg Friedrich Meier translated the Metaphysics from Latin to German, an endeavour which – according to Meier – Baumgarten himself had planned, but could not find the time to execute.

Baumgarten described this sort of clarity as ‘extensive clarity,’ and coined the term ‘aesthetics’ to describe the philosophical project of delineating those rules that are responsible for giving extensive clarity to sensible objects.