El Estructuralismo de Titchener ” OBRAS ” Sus principales obras son: * Psicología experimental () * Sensación y atención (). Edward Titchener. MG. María Alejandra González Vallejo. Updated 18 March Transcript. -Naciones de psicología (). -La nueva psicología (). Structuralism in psychology (also structural psychology) is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.

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Structuralism as a school of psychology seeks to analyze the adult mind the total sum of experience from birth to the present in terms of the simplest definable components and then to find how these components fit together to form more complex experiences as well as how they correlate to physical events. The main critique of structuralism was its focus on introspection as the method by which to gain an understanding of conscious experience.

It is true, nevertheless, that observation is the single and proprietary method of science, estructuealismo that experiment, regarded as scientific method, is nothing else than observation safeguarded and assisted. In his book, Systematic PsychologyTitchener wrote:.

Unlike Wundt’s method of introspection, Titchener had very strict guidelines for the reporting of an introspective analysis. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Retrieved from ” https: Titchener believed the mind was the accumulated experience of a lifetime. Besides theoretical attacks, structuralism was criticized for excluding and ignoring important developments happening outside of structuralism. Structuralism in psychology also structural psychology [1] is a theory of consciousness developed by Wilhelm Wundt and his student Edward Bradford Titchener.

His conclusions were largely based on ideas of associationism. Functionalism was developed by William James in contrast to structuralism. He believed that he could understand reasoning and the structure of the mind if he could define and categorize the basic components of mind and the rules by which the components interacted.

Titchener believed that physiological processes provide a continuous substratum that titvhener psychological processes a continuity they otherwise would not have. Proponents argue that psychology can still gain useful information from using introspection in this case.


The state of consciousness which is to be the matter of psychology Wundt believes this type of introspection to be acceptable since it uses laboratory instruments to vary conditions and make results of internal perceptions more precise. He then used this translation to show that Wundt supported Titchener’s own theories.

Titchener writes in his Systematic Psychology:. This simply means that the complex perceptions can be raised through basic sensory information. Psychology the Science of Behaviour.

In his translation of Wundt’s work, Titchener illustrates Wundt as a supporter of introspection as a method through which to observe consciousness. The subject would then report the characteristics of that pencil color, length, etc.

Views Read Edit View history. Behavioristsspecifically methodological behaviorists, fully rejected even the idea of the conscious experience as a worthy topic in psychology, since they believed that the subject matter of estructuralidmo psychology should be strictly operationalized in an objective and measurable way.

Titchener attempted to classify the structures of the mind, like chemists classify the elements of natureinto the nature. Titchener’s theory began with the question of what each element of the mind is. Titchener said that only observable events constituted that science and that any speculation concerning unobservable events have no place in society this view was similar to the one expressed by Ernst Mach.

However, radical behaviorism includes thinking, feeling, and private events in its theory and analysis of psychology. It is considered to be the first “school” of psychology [4] [5]. Because the notion of a mind could not be objectively measured, it was not worth further inquiry.

Therefore, by following this train of thinking all thoughts were images, which being constructed from elementary sensations meant that all complex reasoning and thought could eventually be broken down into just the sensations which he could get at through introspection.

Wilhelm Wundt instructed Titchener, the founder of structuralism, at the University of Leipzig. Structuralism also believes that the mind could be dissected into its individual parts, which then formed conscious experience.

It stressed the importance titcheener empirical, rational thought over an experimental, trial-and-error philosophy. The reason for this confusion lies in the translation of Wundt’s writings. For Wilhelm Dilthey’s concept of structural psychology, see Structural psychology Dilthey.


Estructuralismo de Titchener by Ross guerrero on Prezi

Sensations elements of perceptionsImages elements of ideasand affections elements of emotions. And images and affections could be broken down further into just clusters of sensations. This also received criticism from the Gestalt school of psychologywhich argues that the mind cannot be broken down into individual elements.

The subject would be presented with an object, such as a pencil. These elements could be broken down into their respective properties, which he determined were qualityintensitydurationclearnessand estructuralismoo. Titcheneralong with Wilhelm Wundtis credited for the theory of structuralism. Introspectiontherefore, yielded different results depending estructuraismo who was using it and what they were seeking. However, introspection only fits Wundt’s theories if the term is taken estructuraismo refer to psychophysical methods.

It is debated who deserves the credit for finding this field of psychology, but it is widely accepted that Wundt created the foundation on which Titchener expanded. Titchener referred to this as stimulus error. Because he was a student of Wilhelm Wundt at the University of LeipzigTitchener’s ideas on how the mind worked were heavily influenced by Wundt’s theory of voluntarism and his ideas of association and apperception the passive and active combinations of elements of consciousness respectively.

The subject would be instructed not to report the name of the object pencil because that did not describe the raw data of what the subject was experiencing. Once Titchener identified the elements of mind and their interaction, his theory then asked the question of why the elements interact in the way they do.

Structuralism (psychology)

One alternative theory to structuralism, to which Titchener took offense, was functionalism functional psychology. Titchener rejected Wundt’s notions of apperception and creative synthesis voluntary actionwhich were the basis of Wundt’s voluntarism. Retrieved November 11,